Tents Used by the US Army
One of the most common military designs currently used by the U.S. Department of Defense is the TEMPER tent. TEMPER is an acronym that stands for Tent Expandable Modular PERsonnel. These tents typically use a tunnel-style design in combination with extremely rugged fabric that is flame resistant and able to self-extinguish quickly.
TEMPER tents can be erected by four people in about 15-30 minutes and usually feature solar shades that reduce solar loading (which can impact the structural stability of a tent by stressing the fabric) and thermal liners to improve energy efficiency, comfort levels inside the shelter, and the tent’s lifespan.
The other operational tent type used by the U.S. Military is the DRASH, or Deployable Rapid Assembly SHelter. As the name suggests, this portable, geodesic shelter can be pitched very quickly (a few minutes with four people) and with no special tools. These tents are collapsible and include features and components that allow for air conditioning and heating.
These tents are also used by NATO and have been deployed in a number of domestic emergency situations: by emergency medical teams during Hurricane Katrina in Louisiana and in Mississippi as living quarters for the State Police; in Connecticut during the 2001 anthrax attacks; by the National Guard during the October 2007 California Wildfires; by the Department of Public Health following the 2010 Connecticut power plant explosion; and at the Dell Children’s Medical Center in Texas during the 2009 flu pandemic.
Tents Used by the British Army
The British Ministry of Defence’s main supplier of expeditionary tents is Franklin, whose ITC (Improved Tented Camp) is currently in use in British military bases around the globe.
The (ITC) is designed to be easily erected, versatile and modular, and is used as both sleeping quarters for soldiers and as an expeditionary field shelter.
The main module of the ITC measures 24 feet wide by 18 feet high and can be used in configurations up to 72 feet long. This is combined with a 12-by-12-foot shelter unit, a porch, passageway, and four-way connector to make the five essential components of any expeditionary camp.