Best 4-Season Tent for Serious Winter Camping

Looking for a “bombproof” tent for your winter camping trips? You're in the right place! In this guide, we'll introduce you to our top picks for the best 4-season tent for all your car camping, thru-hiking, or backpacking adventures.

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Written by: | Reviewed by: Kieran James Cunningham
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The wilderness, especially in winter, demands the right gear. In rugged terrain and harsh weather, you need a four-season tent designed to withstand the harshest conditions, including extreme winds and heavy snowfall. While many models claim to endure heavy rains, snow, and storms, only a select few truly earn the title of “bombproof”.

Among the many 4-season tents we looked at, the Hilleberg Jannu 2 claimed the top spot. Several other noteworthy tents we reviewed include the Black Diamond Eldorado, The North Face Mountain 25, Mountain Hardwear Trango 2, REI Co-op Arete ASL 2, Black Diamond Firstlight, Eureka! K2 XT, Big Agnes Battle Mountain 3 Tent, Alps Mountaineering Tasmanian 2, and the MSR Access 2.

To help you choose which is right for you we’ve provided a handy guide full of features to look out for. These include opting for a single vs double wall construction, water resistance, durability, weight & packed size, floor area, peak height, ease of setup, versatility, ventilation, and storage.

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What’s The Best Four Season Tent For Your Next Camping Trip?

Our recommendation for the best 4-season tent went to the Hilleberg Jannu 2, with our other contenders shown in the following shortlist.

  • Hilleberg Jannu 2
  • Black Diamond Eldorado
  • The North Face Mountain 25
  • Mountain Hardwear Trango 2
  • REI Co-op Arete ASL 2
  • Black Diamond Firstlight
  • Eureka! K2 XT
  • Big Agnes Battle Mountain 3 Tent
  • Alps Mountaineering Tasmanian 2
  • MSR Access 2
Hilleberg Jannu 2 Image

Hilleberg Jannu 2

Editor’s Choice

An award-winning classic, Hilleberg’s Jannu 2 is exceptionally weather-resistant, highly breathable, dependable, and even multi-functional, earning it our editor’s choice for the best 4-season tent.

The expedition-worthy Jannu’s main selling point is its outstanding weather-resistance. It has a durable, silicone-coated ripstop nylon fly with a 26.5-pound tear strength, a rugged web of intersecting 9 mm poles, and a low profile, all of which makes it perfect for harsh terrain, heavy rainstorms, and battering winds. It also has hydrostatic head ratings of 15,000 mm and 5,000 mm for the floor and fly respectively.

During winter, the geodesic dome frame is designed to resist snow loading, so there’s less worry about the roof collapsing or sagging, especially if you’re using it as a basecamp and leaving it unattended while out on your wanders.

The top of the tent features a large main vent that can be configured in several ways, while the inner canopy maintains a good balance between mesh and fabric and includes a coverable inner vent for further, dialed-in airflow regulation. Also, the Jannu’s rainfly has a breathable nylon panel positioned just above that inner vent to support breathability and a sizable 1200 mm Kerlon cover that lets you do your aeration without any fear of saturation (!) while you sleep.

And the vents aren’t the only parts that can be changed to your liking. The Jannu can easily be set-up into different configurations thanks to its adaptable 12.9 foot vestibule. Unlike other models in our review, this vestibule is fully detachable, so you can set it up however best suits your needs and your pitch.

The Jannu’s downsides are few and far from dealbreakers. While its zippers are a little small and tricky to use with large gloves, this is a very small inconvenience and easily fixed by attaching a few cord toggles to the pull tab.

The only major disadvantage to this product, in fact, is its price tag. Given that the Jannu is an investment that’s sure to serve you well for many years to come, however, we’d recommend placing it somewhere very near the top of your shortlist nonetheless.

  • PROs

    • Exceptionally weather resistant
    • Superior ventilation
    • Highly durable
    • Multiple setup configurations
    • Easy to pitch
    • Outstanding snow-load handling capability
  • CONs

    • Expensive
    • Fiddly zippers

Bottom-Line: a pricey but incredibly well-made mountaineering model that scores highly in every metric by which a 4-season tent might be measured.

Black Diamond Eldorado Tent

Black Diamond Eldorado


The Black Diamond Eldorado stands out as the sturdiest 4-season tent on our list, boasting exceptional strength and weatherproofing. Moreover, it comes in a lightweight, portable bundle, weighing just over 5 pounds.

The Eldorado uses a two-pole design that’s optimized to fend off the very worst the weather can throw at you. It uses a single-walled, low-volume design with internal poles for enhanced wind-resistance and superior performance in sub-zero temps. and a bomber model that owes its sturdiness to its unique fabric and internal aluminum pole system.

Its patented ToddTex ePTFE fabric offers expedition-grade weather protection and is also puncture-resistant, an additional durability feature that’s non-standard and allows you to pitch in rocky terrain without any fear of “springing a leak” mid-sleep, or poking holes with a sharp piece of gear. Another non-standard feature that makes the Eldorado an upgrade on most single-wall tents is the ToddTex fabric’s use of tiny fibers that wick water to the outside, thus reducing condensation, which is one of the most commonly cited grievances of users of single-wall tents the world over.

The Eldorado’s low height and narrow shape also make it impressively aerodynamic. But most of its strength comes from its internal poles. These help the model stand firm against the strongest gusts as they’re positioned inside and, thus, supported by the entirety of the tent rather than the other way around.

And the downsides?

Well, first of all, as much as the interior-pole system used in this tent contributes to the tent’s stability, it is a little bit tricky to set up and might take you a while to master. Secondly, although the wicking capacity of the ToddTex fabric is an upgrade on most single-wall tent competitors, the Eldorado only boasts a single air vent, meaning the condensation-curbing done by the fabric is largely negated by the lack of airflow.

  • PROs

    • Exceptionally weather resistant
    • Light enough for one person to carry
    • Highly durable
    • Very livable for a mountaineering model
    • Small footprint
  • CONs

    • Difficult to pitch
    • Fairly poor ventilation

Bottom-Line: a bombproof, out-and-out mountaineering 4-season model that performs best at high altitudes but is roomy enough to moonlight at the treeline or even basecamp.

the north face mountain 25 Image

The North Face Mountain 25

Most Versatile

The North Face Mountain 25 is another durable and storm-resistant expedition model but wins in versatility since it can be used in all seasons.

Ever seen those snaps of Everest basecamp with all those little yellow domes spread across the base of the Khumbu Icefall? Those domes, for the most part, are The North Face Mountain 25.

Sold already? Just in case you aren’t, let’s take a closer look at why this 4-season tent is an outstanding choice for 4-season wanders.

The TNF Mountain 25 uses a 40-denier, 1500 mm HH, silicone-coated nylon fly that’s more than capable of dealing with heavy rain, snow, and driving winds.

The interior is none too shabby either, boasting a 32 ft² floor area inside a double-walled design that includes ample mesh paneling in the canopy, dual peak vents that can be opened fully, rainfly vents, and enough space between each wall to keep air circulating and ward off condensation.

The Mountain 25’s lattice-like geodesic pole configuration and use of both pole sleeves and clips are further winning features, helping to keep it standing straight and sturdily in strong winds and reducing noisy flapping to a minimum.

Aside from handling rough weather, the Mountain 25’s two-wall design and awesome ventilation mean it’s also a winner in less extreme climes. In 3-season or even 2-season conditions, you can simply pull open the vents, and in dry summer conditions the rainfly can be left behind or the doors left open to keep things cool.

Perhaps the most notable downside to this model is its heavyweight and bulk. At 9 lbs, it tips the scales at almost twice as much as other two person tents on our list. Given its array of other impressive features and reasonable price tag, however, those few added pounds are well worth carrying.

  • Capacity: 2-person
  • Weight: 9.81 lbs
  • Floor dimensions: 7’2 x 4’6
  • Peak height: 3’5
  • Wall(s): Double
  • PROs

    • Great ventilation
    • Highly versatile
    • Very livabile
    • Durable
  • CONs

    • Heavy
    • Cumbersome poles

Bottom-Line: a burly, slightly heavy product that’s built for high-altitude adventures but is versatile enough to use in 4, 3, and even 2-season conditions.

mountain hardwear trango 2 Image

Mountain Hardwear Trango 2

Most Livable

Among mountaineers, Mountain Hardwear’s Trango is a long-standing favorite for its ample space, livable design, and outstanding protection, also earning it our title for the most livable design.

First up, the Trango 2’s dimensions border on palatial for a two person mountaineering model, offering up a total of 8 sq ft more than the relatively roomy Mountain 25. The interior is also blessed with plenty of convenient storage pockets (7 in total), while the vestibules are big enough to accommodate all of your gear and even the odd stray yak.

Another lovable quality this product brings to the table is fuss-free pitching. Despite its large size, it can be popped up by a lone pitcher in just 4 or 5 minutes thanks to its sewn-in fly and color-coded poles, clips, and grommets.

This model, however, does have a few downsides…

Like many 4-season models designed for high-altitude expeditions that prioritize warmth, the Trango isn’t the best at keeping out condensation in above-zero conditions, meaning it lacks the versatility and all-year usability of better-ventilated models like the Mountain 25 or Hilleberg Jannu 2.

Additionally, all that space in the Trango comes at a cost of added bulk and weight. At 9 lbs 10.2 oz, this is almost the heaviest 4-season product on our list and unlikely to win any awards for portability anytime soon. However, if comfort and livability are high on your list of must-have attributes for extended cold weather expeditions, then this product deserves a place on your shortlist.

  • PROs

    • Spacious
    • Large Vestibules
    • Impressive livability
    • Easy to set up
  • CONs

    • Heavy and bulky
    • Sub-par ventilation

Bottom-Line: A roomy 4-season product that’s a little on the heavy side but makes up for this shortcoming with impressive livability and solid weather protection.

REI Co-op Arete ASL 2 Image

REI Co-op Arete ASL 2

Best Overall Mid-Range

The REI Arete ASL deserves a spot on your shortlist if you’re seeking a mid-range, budget-friendly, lightweight 4-season model that still offers good weather protection and comfort.

In 2018, REI completely overhauled this long-term winter camping favorite and added a half-length pole, increased its center height and headroom, and amped up its ventilation. This drastically improved the Arete ASL’s weather performance and livability. The additional pole keeps the rainwater from pooling on the rainfly, helping keep the interior dry, and the upgraded ventilation makes it more comfortable and resistant to condensation in humid conditions.

The Arete is not designed for high alpine expeditions and extended stays in extreme conditions. Instead, it’s better for summer mountaineering, car camping, and other 3 or 4-season trips around the treeline.

With a max height of 3 ft and 7 in, this product is also great for tall individuals, leaving plenty of room to sit upright. And even though you can only fit 2 adult sleepers inside, the added floor length provides plenty of room for gear storage at your feet.

The Arete’s most prominent handicap is its small vestibule, which is only big enough to accommodate a few pairs of wet boots and makes for a very cramped cooking area.

  • Capacity: 2-person
  • Weight: 6.31 lbs
  • Floor dimensions:7’4″ x 5′
  • Peak height: 3’7″
  • Wall(s): Double
  • PROs

    • Lightweight
    • Budget-friendly
    • Plenty of headroom
    • Freestanding and easy to pitch
  • CONs

    • Not designed for extreme conditions
    • Small vestibule

Bottom-Line: a lightweight, roomy 4-season model that lacks a few high-end features but makes up for these failings with a very reasonable price tag.

Black Diamond BD810158WASABI Firstlight 3P Tent Wasabi

Black Diamond Firstlight

Best Low-Cost Mountaineering

The Black Diamond Firstlight is a cost-effective alternative to the Black Diamond Eldorado, excelling in high-alpine expeditions at only half the price.

Weighing in at a tiny 3.6 lbs, the Black Diamond Firstlight is the lightest tent on our list, almost edging into the “ultralight” weight band. Boasting a minimalist, single-wall design, small footprint, and small pack size, it’s a great choice for the gram-counters and those who like to travel light and fast on alpine ascents.

To achieve this light weight, Black Diamond skipped the traditional waterproof coating in favor of a patented, high-quality NanoShield fabric that’s lined with water-resistant silicone. While this provides enough water-resistance to fend off the odd shower at lower elevations, the NanoShield is more suitable for frigid environments where you’re more likely to encounter snow than rain.

  • Capacity: 2-person
  • Weight: 3.3 lbs
  • Floor dimensions: 6’10″ x 4″
  • Peak height: 3’6″
  • Wall(s): Single
  • PROs

    • Lightweight
    • Easy to set up
    • Small packed size
    • High-quality
    • Insulated
    • Ideal for 3/4-season backpacking
  • CONs

    • Less breathable fabric
    • Single-wall design not ideal for lower elevations
    • Only 27.3 square feet of floor space

Bottom-Line: a superbly portable two-person, single-wall model that’s best suited to ultralight alpine adventures above the treeline.

Eureka! K-2 XT Three-Person, Four-Season Backpacking Tent, Yellow

Eureka! K2 XT

Most Durable

The highly durable Eureka K2 is a family-friendly model best suited for hunting, ski trips, and other treeline or campsite camping adventures.

With its thick, 1800 mm 75D StormShield polyester fly, 70D nylon taffeta body, and 3000 mm floor, the K2 is a product that’s guaranteed to keep you safe and dry in stormy weather.

The high-denier fabric and burly pole design contribute to making this one of the most resilient and hard-wearing 4-season tents out there. Unlike many of its lighter-weight competitors, therefore, this is one model you can expect to withstand the test of time and several seasons of frequent use in harsh environments.

The Eureka! K2 also offers plenty of space for sleeping and storing gear. With 52 ft² of floor space and 18 ft² of vestibule space, it’s big enough for 3 adult sleepers and all the gear you could need for extended backcountry camping trips. It also boasts a total of 14 storage pockets, 4 gear loft loops, a handy flashlight loop, and 4 zippered vent panels in the canopy for improved airflow.

All of these added features, however, make the K2 a bulky and heavy tent. Weighing over 11 lbs, it’s not one you’d like to carry long distances unless splitting the load between 2 or 3 carriers.

  • Capacity: 2/3-person
  • Weight: 11.75 lbs
  • Floor dimensions: 8’11″ x 7’8″
  • Peak height: 4′
  • Wall(s): Double
  • PROs

    • Highly durable
    • Multiple interior pockets
    • Two vestibules
    • Roomy
    • 3-person tent
  • CONs

    • Heavy
    • Large packed size

Bottom-Line: an incredibly robust, livable, and reliably waterproof model that’s a little on the heavy side but ideal for car camping or extended backcountry trips.

Big Agnes Battle Mountain Mountaineering Tent, 3 Person

Big Agnes Battle Mountain 3 Tent

Best Basecamp Tent

The Battle Mountain 3 from Big Agnes is the latest addition to their mountaineering tent lineup and our favorite basecamp shelter. It balances weight and performance well, making it suitable for both base camping and alpine ascents.

The Battle Mountain performs well in both freezing weather and more clement conditions. It uses a hard-wearing, puncture-resistant nylon taffeta base with a virtually impregnable 10,000 mm waterproof polyurethane coating and a silicone-treated, 1,200 mm tear-resistant polyurethane

The 44 sq ft of floor space makes this 3-person 4 season tent is an incredibly roomy option for two sleepers, or a slightly “cozy” one for teams of three. When it comes to the peak height, the Battle Mountain’s 44-inch center height means it straddles the ground between mountaineering and basecamp models in terms of headroom. While trumping most mountaineering competitors in this particular metric, it could get cramped for taller people and come to feel a little claustrophobic if stuck inside in a storm.

  • Capacity: 3-person
  • Weight: 8.82 lbs
  • Floor dimensions:7’4 “x 6’2”
  • Peak height: 3’8″
  • Wall(s): Double
  • PROs

    • Lightweight
    • Very durable floor
    • Has awnings and a roomy vestibule
  • CONs

    • Lacks headroom
    • Pricey

Bottom-Line: a lightweight, highly durable product that only lets itself down on account of its slightly stingy peak height and lofty price tag.

ALPS Mountaineering Tasmanian 2 Person - Orange/Gray

Alps Mountaineering Tasmanian 2

Best Treeline Tent

The Alps Mountaineering Tasmanian 2 is a comfortable and roomy model ideal for camping around or below the treeline in less extreme 4-season conditions.

While not a standout in durability and weather resistance, this model features a 1,500 mm HH 75-denier fly, a poly taffeta 5,000 mm HH floor, strong aluminum poles, UV protection, robust shock cords, and an additional pole that stabilizes the structure against winds up to 40 mph.

Being a typical treeline variant, it is also roomy. At 7 ft 8 in. long, there’s enough legroom for even the tallest sleepers, and its 46-inch peak height means you can sit up comfortably without touching the roof. The Tasmanian 2 also has a relatively spacious 13 ft² vestibule. This roominess, however, adds to the tent’s overall weight (8.8 lbs) and packed size (6.5″ x 19″), meaning it’s not one you’d like to be carrying on your lonesome.

Perhaps the Tasmanian’s most endearing attribute is that it’s beginner-friendly and very easy to pitch. The uncomplicated frame, single-pole structure, continuous pole-and-clip system, and burly size #8 zippers all make setting up a breeze, even for newbies and in inhospitable conditions.

  • Capacity: 2-person
  • Weight: 8 lbs
  • Floor dimensions: 7’8 x 5’
  • Peak height: 3’10
  • Wall(s): Double
  • PROs

    • Great for winter car camping
    • Weather-resistant
    • Easy to set up
    • Long and roomy
  • CONs

    • Heavy and bulky
    • Lacks ventilation needed for camping in warmer seasons
MSR Access 2 Image

MSR Access 2

Best Ultralight

The MSR Access 2 is our choice for the best ultralight 4-season tent on the market. However, it’s worth noting that it’s also one of the most versatile, performing exceptionally well in a wide range of conditions and environments.

The Access 2’s DuraShield-coated fabrics, taped seams, 1200 mm fly, and 3000 mm base make it far from “bombproof” compared to other tents in our review. They are, however, more than capable of withstanding moderate rain and snowfall. It’s breathable inner canopy fabric, double-wall design, two doors, and use of a large ventilation flap in the D-shaped door, meanwhile, mean it ventilates well and keeps interior stuffiness to a minimum.

In high winds, the Access 2 is a bit of a winner, too. Using Easton Syclone poles made with cutting-edge composite materials and a central-support frame for added stability, it’s built to endure even the most challenging winter conditions, 60-mile-per-hour winds and heavy snow loading included.

Like the Black Diamond Firstlight, this tent’s lightweight (4 lbs.) and small packed size (6” x 18”) make it ideally suited as a winter backpacking tent, ski tours, or any other trip where you want to keep weight and bulk to an absolute minimum.

  • Capacity: Two person
  • Weight: 4.1 lbs
  • Floor dimensions: 7′ x 4 ’2”
  • Peak height: 3’ 6”
  • Wall(s): Double
  • PROs

    • Highly reliable in rainy weather
    • Ultralight
    • Versatile
    • Easy to set up
    • Huge vestibule (17.5 ft²)
    • Ideal for traveling fast and light
    • Suitable for 2/3-season use
  • CONs

    • Not made for extreme conditions
    • Not the roomiest out there (29 sq ft)

Bottom-Line: an incredibly versatile tent that keeps pack size and weight to a minimum without compromising excessively on all-weather protection. Our pick ast the best 4 season backpacking tent.

How To Choose A Winter Camping Tent?

To help you decide between the many brands and models we’ve listed below the key factors to consider when buying an all-season tent.

  • Single Vs Double Wall
  • Water Resistance
  • Durability
  • Weight & Packed Size
  • Floor Area
  • Peak Height
  • Ease Of Setup
  • Versatility
  • Ventilation
  • Storage
Lit up tent pitched up in the snow

Single Vs Double Wall

A major classification of tents is based on the number of layers or walls they use: either single or double. Simply put, a double-wall tent has two walls, an inner tent canopy, and an outer layer called the rainfly. The rainfly provides extra protection and vestibules for storage.

Meanwhile, the single-wall variant opts out of the rainfly or combines the two aforementioned parts into one structure. Its vestibules are typically reduced into awnings and are sewn into the canopy. They’re lighter and built to be tough enough to compensate for the lack of a second wall.

Single-wall tents are most suited to mountaineering and high-altitude camping. The compact size and light weight are perfect for vertical assaults where the temperatures are frigid and there’s less chance of condensation, which is the most significant downside to using single-wallers at lower levels. We’ve written up a guide to the tents that perform best in extreme cold weather if you need something extra warm.

Most campers prefer 4-season double-wall tents because of their versatility. Having two walls means there’s an extra shield against the weather, and as mentioned, the vestibule can conveniently shelter wet and muddy gear. Also, the inner canopy has mesh panels that significantly increase ventilation, temperature control, and help avoid condensation.

Four season tent with tent flaps pitched in the snow
Deciding on a single wall vs double wall tent will largely be determined by the activity you want to partake in and your desired pack weight

Water Resistance

Any 4-season backpacking tent worth its salt should be impregnable to rain, snow, sleet, and groundwater. Meeting this standard depends on two features in particular: waterproofed seams and a high HH rating.

Tent seams are the lines where sheets of fabric have been sewn together. For heavier, thicker winterized tents, they’re typically taped with polyurethane film. For lightweight or ultralight tents, the seams are more commonly sealed with waterproof glue. While taped seams typically offer better protection, they usually need to be replaced every few years.

Most tents use a DWR (Durable Water Repellent) coating on the tent body (or tent canopy) to protect the interior of the tent from moisture that’s seeped through the rainfly. But the most important spec to look for when trying to gauge how waterproof any tent will be is the tent’s Hydrostatic Head or HH index.

This, in short, describes how waterproof materials are. Shown in millimeters or mm, it corresponds to how much water pressure the tent fabric can withstand before it begins to leak. The correspondence is daily simple: the higher the HH rating, the more waterproof the tent will be.

In 4-season tents, the minimum HH rating should be in the region of 1,500 mm in the rainfly and 3,000 mm in the base or floor. That said, this will also depend on where you plan on doing your pitching…

Some winter camping tents, like the Big Agnes Battle Mountain Tent (1,200 mm fly and 10,000 mm floor), for example, use a lower-rated rainfly because they are designed for use in freezing conditions any airborne H20 is likely to be frozen as opposed to liquid and, therefore, less likely to saturate the fabric.

Tent pitched in snow with a snow windbreaker surrounding it
Autumn and winter weather mean precipitation – so make sure your 4-season tent has sufficient water resistance


The best four-season tents can withstand rough weather and the test of time, often featuring a geodesic design, high-denier fabrics, and robust poles.

Whether you’re in the market for a treeline, basecamp, mountaineering, or even a campsite tent, those with a geodesic design and lower profiles are the best performers in 4-season conditions.

Because these tents use angled walls and sit close to the ground, they have less surface area for the wind to push against, which prevents the tent from getting blown over and the poles snapping under stress. The sloping walls of the tent also stop the snow piling up (“heavy snow loads”) and turning your tent into an involuntary igloo!

In especially windy conditions, easily adjustable and plentiful guylines will help provide additional support.

Tent durability also pertains to its fabric. 50 to 70-denier Nylon Taffeta is typical for four-season shelters. The standard is higher compared to the 3-season tents’ 40D because camping in frigid climates is more taxing on your textiles (!). Snow is abrasive. It rubs into the fabric and wears it out faster. High winds, moreover, make tent walls more likely to tear. One great example of this is the Eureka! K2. Its 75D fly and 70D nylon taffeta body can last for years without showing signs of wear.

When it comes to tent poles, aluminum is the ideal pick for frigid, 4-season conditions. Steel poles can be up to twice as heavy and carbon fiber is notorious for breaking in sub-zero conditions. The Black Diamond Eldorado tent is a good example. This model uses an aluminum frame and weighs in at a very friendly 5.07 lbs, giving it just about the best strength-to-weight ratio out there.

Tent pitched in the snow
Tents like Hilleberg models are designed for more extreme conditions using more durable materials

Weight & Packed Size

Since you’ll be lugging the weight and bulk of your tent around on rough, potentially snowbound trails, obtaining a tent that minimizes both without compromising protection and space is key.

Most winter tents are cumbersome precisely because they’re built to act as an all-in-one shelter. The thick, high-denier fabric, silicone-impregnated rain flys, burly guylines, and heavy-duty poles and pegs all add to the tent’s overall weight.

When selecting your tent, always make sure you check its packed weight and trail weight. The former refers to how much the entire tent package weighs. That includes the tent itself, stuff sacks or bags, poles, stakes or pegs, guylines, and other accessories. The trail weight, on the other hand, is the weight of the bare essentials: the inner canopy, rainfly, poles, and pegs.

Pack size refers to the tent’s dimensions when stowed inside its stuff sack. In most cases, this generally corresponds to the tent’s weight and capacity, meaning the heavier and more spacious the tent is, the more room it will take up in your pack.

The bottom line as regards weight and pack size is this—look for the best weight-to-performance ratio you can afford and make sure you can comfortably carry the tent to your campsite. Unless you happen to have calves and thighs of steel, we wouldn’t recommend going over the 8-pound mark for a single carrier.

If sharing the weight of the tent between two people, naturally, you’ll have a little more leeway with the options.

backpacker walk in snowy woods water bottles
Keeping your pack weight down in winter can be tricky – always remember to only go as low as is considered safe

Floor Area

A 4-season tent’s floor area corresponds to its intended use. As a general rule, aim for a 4-season or winter tent with approximately 15 square feet of floor space per adult sleeper for treeline or basecamp tents. For mountaineering tents, this can decrease to around 12 square feet.

Treeline and basecamp tents are made for extended stays in less severe environments, and so focus more on space and livability. This means they’re usually roomier affairs with taller center heights that provide more headroom.

Mountaineering tents are usually more minimalist, boasting less living space, lighter weights, and low profiles—all critical features in the high-altitude terrain for which they’re intended.

Man clearing snow in front of tent with a long handles shovel
The size of your camping crew and the desired level of liveability will determine what size of tent you need. Photo by Brian Gautreau / CC BY-SA 2.0

Peak Height

For center height (or “peak height”), measured from the tallest point of the tent to the floor, we recommend tents with a minimum of 38 inches for mountaineering tents and 45 inches for all other styles.

It’s also worth noting that there is an increasing number of tents out there that tick the boxes for both mountaineering and treeline or basecamp camping. The Mountain Hardwear Trango 2 is a fine example. It boasts a spacious interior but also a low-profile, bombproof design that makes it a bona fide mountaineering tent.

Ease Of Setup

Pitching time and ease of setup may seem inconsequential, but that’s only if you’ve never tried putting up a tent in a downpour or storm! The ease of setup depends largely on the tent’s type and design.

Small, standard dome tents are usually the most beginner-friendly and the easiest to set up, taking no more than a few minutes to pitch in even the most blustery conditions. Most mountaineering tents are designed this way to provide shelter quickly in dangerously hypothermic environments.

Two of the features that contribute most to ease of setup in tents are pole clips, color-coded poles, and one-piece pitching.

Pole clips allow you to attach the tent poles to the fabric without having to thread them through sleeves in the tent’s fabric – something that’s tricky at the best of times, never mind in howling winds or rains! That said, clips are more prone to cause tears in the fabric in high winds because the force of the wind is on several small spots instead of being evenly distributed across larger sleeves.

Color-coded poles, as the name suggests, are simply poles that are colored the same shade as the grommets or clips that attach to, meaning there’s less chance of making any time-consuming mistakes.

One-piece pitching means that the tent body and rainfly can be attached so you can pitch them simultaneously instead of individually. While not a deal-maker or dealbreaker, this is a handy feature that can save you precious minutes when pitching a double-wall model in particularly unfriendly conditions.

Snow weighing down on a pitched tent
Pitching your tent in poor weather conditions may require extra guys to help support the weight of falling snow


Four-season tents are becoming more versatile and adaptable to a variety of seasonal conditions and intended activities. The most versatile 4-season tents can be used with the inner tent or rainfly alone and have sufficient ventilation features for year-round use.

An adaptable cold-weather tent can also be pitched in different ways or “modes”. Nowadays, a variety of tents offer this functionality using different methods. Some have a removable vestibule for additional storage space or for camping in cramped locations, while others have a star-gazing mode which allows the campers to view the night sky while the rainfly is securely fastened halfway across the canopy.

The Hilleberg Jannu 2 has a configurable vestibule that allows you plenty of space to use stoves near the tent without risking setting the walls on fire.

If they are relatively lightweight and spacious, moreover, some models could feasibly be used for a wider range of activities, ranging from long-distance thru-hikes to basic car camping.

The MHW Trango 2 and TNF Mountain 25 excel in this respect as they are reasonably roomy, highly breathable, and well enough ventilated to perform well even in warmer, summer conditions.

Four season tent pitched in the snow


Breathability and ventilation refer to the tent’s ability to let air circulate freely and regulate interior temperatures, essential to ward off condensation.

Condensation happens when the warmer and humid air inside interacts with the cold walls and ceiling. This typically beings with a few drips and beads of moisture on the tent walls, but over the course of a night, it could easily soak your sleeping bag, making you a prime candidate for hypothermia if that sleeping bag doesn’t have a water-resistant shell.

A Double-wall tent like The North Face Mountain 25 or Hilleberg Jannu, for example, typically has far superior ventilation than single-wall counterparts (a model like the Black Diamond Firstlight, for example). This is because air can circulate between the walls and both include generously sized mesh panels in the canopy that lets interior air escape.

The bottom line? When buying your 4-season tent, look for a model with large ventilating windows, spacious vestibules, double doors, and plenty of high-density mesh in the inner canopy.

looking out at snowfield from tent
Particularly in colder weather your tent needs to “breathe” to help prevent condensation buildup


Effective storage, like a generously sized vestibule or two and a few interior pockets, can significantly enhance a tent’s livability. Not only do they help you locate your gear more easily, but also allow you to separate wet and dry items, food and clothing, sharps and non-sharps, and your kit from your partner’s.

Vestibules also support ventilation, provide a sheltered cooking area, and provide a dry area to change in and out of dirty boots and stow any other items you don’t want to bring inside. If considering a tent with no vestibule, be sure to check the tent’s interior will be large enough to accommodate all the gear you’d normally store there.

Finally, a gearloft is an overhead, usually detachable shelf in the canopy. While these detract a little from your tent’s headroom, they’re ideal for storing kit you want to keep off the floor and drying damp clothes.

Lastly, we need to mention that 4-season tents are typically an expensive purchase, but there are good budget 4-season tents on the market.

Inner stash pockets
Vestibules, gear lofts and inner stash pockets can help store your gear and give you a little more sleeping space ©My Open Country®

Last update on 2024-06-13 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

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Eunice Avatar

Eunice Kryna Verula is a writer by trade and a mountaineer by heart. Experienced with copywriting, design and mountaineering, she’s all about pursuing the highest peaks in the best outdoor gear.

In her quest to bag the 10 highest mountains in the country and Asia, she spends most of her days trekking and learning from seasoned mountain guides deep in the one of the most mountainous regions of the Philippines.

Before heeding the call of the mountains, she graduated Cum laude in Bukidnon State University and taught English & writing. While not in the backcountry she is striving to launch community programs to support local mountain guides and to equip them with proper mountaineering gear.

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