Sugarloaf Mountain Overview
Sugarloaf Mountain is a small outlier of the Appalachian Mountains that pokes out of the Maryland Piedmont just high enough to offer incredible views of the surrounding terrain. Although a mere geographical blip compared to its towering neighbors to the southwest, it nonetheless boasts enough historical, geological, and ecological intrigue to make it more than just a nice spot for a decent workout.
Geology and Geography
In geological parlance, Sugarloaf Mountain is what is known as a ‘monadnock’ — a peak that stands in isolation as a result of withstanding the forces of erosion that have leveled the rest of the surrounding terrain. Sugarloaf’s prominence of 800 feet above the Piedmont Plateau not only makes it a prime lookout over the plains below, but also lends its predominantly quartzite upper portions a more imposing profile than its modest height of 1282 feet would allow elsewhere.
Sugarloaf acquired its name on account of the resemblance early hunters and pioneers thought it bore to the conical sugar cakes used to sweeten food and drink (i.e ‘sugar loaves’) back at the time of early European settlement.
Over the years, the mountain has played a small role in various conflicts, including the French and Indian Wars, and then in the American Civil War, during which it passed between Northern and Southern forces numerous times and was used as an observation and signal station throughout the Maryland Campaign. Soldiers wounded during these battles were treated in a log cabin that still stands at the foot of the mountain to this day.
In the early 20th century, Chicago businessman Gordon Strong bought both the mountain itself and much of the surrounding terrain. (Today, the total clout of the Strong family stands at a small-country-sized 3,200 acres.) Strong subsequently enlisted the services of Frank Lloyd Wright to create a drive-in lookout for automobiles on the summit, but the famed architect — gladly — finally let good sense intervene and the project never came to fruition.
Another flirtation with fame occurred when President Franklin D. Roosevelt contemplated using Sugarloaf Mountain as the site of his presidential retreat. Ultimately, Roosevelt was dissuaded by Strong and instead opted for a spot on nearby Catoctin Mountain, where he was to build what we now know as Camp David.
In 1947, Strong set up a trust to maintain the trail system and facilities at Sugarloaf Mountain, and to this day the trust stands as a rare of example of harmonious and effective private ownership of an area of natural beauty and public interest. The area was designated a National Natural Landmark in 1969.
Flora & Fauna
Sugarloaf is famed for its abundance of tree and wildflower species, with over 500 species of plants gracing its gently sloping flanks. The most prevalent tree species on the mountain are red and white oak, black gum, tulip poplar, black birch, and eastern hemlock. The mountain’s wildflowers, which are most in evidence during warmer months, include lady slipper orchids, the pinxter flower, rattlesnake weed, wild violets, and bowman’s root.
Pro Tip: Watch Out for Rattlesnakes
Rattlesnakes are common in the area — take care when walking and stick to the established trails
During your hike on Sugarloaf, you might be lucky enough to encounter any of a number of mammals, birds, and invertebrates. The most notable and common of these include whitetail deer, flying squirrels, red foxes, eastern cottontails, raccoons, great horned owls, pileated woodpeckers, wild turkeys, red-shouldered hawks (see below!), rattlesnakes, and copperhead snakes.
Type of Trail and Trail Difficulty
A 5.8-mile, easy hiking loop on an established, waymarked route with 1,640ft of elevation gain.
Best Time to Hike the Trail
The Sugarloaf Mountain loop (a variation of the Northern Peak Trail Loop) is doable year-round, but the optimal time for a visit is when all those wildflowers are in full bloom, usually from late April to early June. All of the trails in the mountain’s network are open daily, year-round, from sunrise to sunset (no permit required).
- From Frederick, follow the I-270 South to the Hyattstown exit, then follow Route 109 to Comus and turn right onto Comus Road, which will take you to the Sugarloaf Mountain entrance.
- From Washington, head north on I-270 to the Hyattstown exit, pass under I-270 and then follow Route 109 to Comus before taking a right onto Comus Road and continuing to the Sugarloaf Mountain entrance.
- From the Bethesda or Rockville area, follow Route 28 west of Rockville to Dickerson and then, after passing under the railroad bridge, take a right onto Mt. Ephraim Road and continue for approx. 2.5 miles to the Sugarloaf Mountain entrance.
From the entrance to the park, continue on the access road, completing four switchbacks until reaching the trailhead at the East View parking lot just below the fifth.
No bus or shuttle service currently serves the trailhead.
Sugarloaf Mountain Trail Routes
North Peak Trail Loop — 6.8 miles, 1,265ft ascent
From the parking area at East View, the trails starts off on a dusty and fairly steep incline for 0.3 miles on the orange-blazed trail until reaching an intersection with the red-blazed trail. From here, veer left for 100 yards to the summit of Sugarloaf Mountain. Returning due east, descend on the red trail for 0.3 miles to the intersection of the blue-blazed Northern Peak Trail and the McCormack Overlook.
From the overlook, turn right and continue east to where the blue trail meets the white-blazed trail (roughly 200 yards) and then turn left. After another 200 yards, the white trail forks left and the blue trail to the right. Follow the blue trail (marked ‘B2’) to the next intersection with the yellow and purple trails. Here, stay on the blue trail for another 1.2 miles to the intersection at White Rocks.
From the White Rocks intersection, continue on the blue trail, descending a further 0.75 miles and then taking a left turn onto a wider mountain access road. From here, the trail takes a quick right, heading back into the forest before climbing gently for roughly 1 mile to another junction with the white trail. Turn right onto the blue-white trail and continue for just under half a mile to the West View parking area, avoiding the white trail that veers off to the right.
From the parking area, return to the trail’s starting point at the East View parking area by hiking downhill for 0.3 miles on the access road.
Short Loop — 1.71 miles, 518ft ascent
If you’re particularly short on time or are hiking with your kids, there are a number of abbreviated variants on Sugarloaf Mountain which still take in the best of what it has to offer. The most attractive of these is described below.
From the same trailhead as the longer loop (East View), follow the same trail (orange and then red) to the summit of Sugarloaf Mountain, and then descend on the green trail headed southwest. At the bottom of the green trail, turn right onto the blue trail and complete a loop back to the starting point around the base of the peak by way of the white trail.
Suggested Gear List
- Hiking boots or hiking shoes
- Lightweight trousers or shorts
- Sun hat
- First Aid Kit
- Trail map